#TechnologyforLiving | RUTH RUÍZ | FENIN | Madrid |11 MAY 2020


  • Mechanical ventilation can be invasive (through a tube in the trachea) or non-invasive (through a mask or oral pipette).
  • Oxygen is administered through nasal glasses or masks (venturi type or with a reservoir bag) and uses a variety of supply sources: hospital oxygen pipeline, liquid oxygen tank, gaseous oxygen cylinder or oxygen concentrator.
  • These therapies can be administered in surveillance or intensive care units (ICU), hospital zones, geriatric residences or in the patient’s own home.
  • This new infographic is part of the #TechnologyforLiving campaign, which aims to improve knowledge about Health Technology among society.


During these months, mechanical ventilation and oxygen have become great allies of health professionals in the management of respiratory failure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in patients with COVID-19. Whether it is in surveillance or intensive care units (ICU), on hospital floors, in geriatric residences or in the patient’s home, these types of therapies have become a vital and essential support for the survival of thousands of people in our country.



For this reason, the Spanish Federation of Healthcare Technology Companies, Fenin, has prepared an infographic that explains in a visual and simple way what this type of healthcare products and therapies consist of. This material is a continuation of the campaign #TechnologyforLiving, , launched weeks ago by the Federation and whose objective is to offer rigorous information on the essential health technology in the fight against COVID-19.


The new infographic published by Fenin explains in a summarized way the two main types of treatments or respiratory therapies that are being used to fight the coronavirus, both mechanical ventilation, which can be of two types, and the administration of oxygen:

  • Invasive mechanical ventilation: it is applied in surveillance or intensive care units (ICU) and its function is to replace or mechanically assist pulmonary ventilation, when the patient does not breathe spontaneously or is not effective. It is so called because it is applied in an invasive way, through a tube located in the patient’s trachea, usually accompanied by the administration of sedatives.
  • Non-invasive mechanical ventilation: it can be applied in UCRIs (Intermediate Respiratory Care Units), on the hospital floor or in the patient’s home. Its function is to mechanically assist spontaneous pulmonary ventilation, when the patient’s ventilation is not effective, which is done through a mask or a mouthpiece. It is therefore a non-invasive ventilation, as it does not require endotracheal intubation and therefore is not usually accompanied by the administration of sedatives. In addition to COVID-19, this type of treatment can be used as home treatment for chronic patients with respiratory conditions.
  • Oxygen: Oxygen can be administered in multiple places, from a hospital floor to the patient’s home or institutions such as nursing homes. Its function is to provide oxygen in higher concentrations than those found in the air to ensure oxygen needs, when normal breathing does not achieve this goal. A variety of supply sources are used for this purpose: hospital oxygen pipeline, liquid oxygen tank, gaseous oxygen cylinder o oxygen concentrator. The delivery systems are nasal glasses or venturi-type or reservoir.

In all cases, in order to know the effectiveness of the treatment, it is necessary to measure the amount of carbon dioxide and oxygen, for which an arterial gasometry (in hospital) or a pulse oximetry and capnography (which can be performed both in the hospital environment and at home), is performed.



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The #TechnologyforLiving is part of tha action plan that Fenin has been carrying out since the beginning of the crisis to accelerate the manufacture, import and distribution of health products, in order to respond to the needs of our health system (+info).

The Spanish Federation of Healthcare Technology Companies represents more than 500 manufacturing and distribution companies in Spain, which constitute more than 80% of the total turnover. The national market is part, together with Germany, United Kingdom, France and Italy, of the five countries that represent 75% of the European market. Likewise, the Health Technology sector has been identified as a strategic agent in the health field and as one of the priority markets within the State Innovation Strategy.

Founded in 1977, the Federation works for the research and technological development, which allows to put within reach of all technologies, products and services that improve the prevention, the diagnosis, the treatment and the control and follow-up of the diseases.


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